Melanoma is characterized as a serious type of skin cancer, the most common form of cancer diagnosed in our country. It manifests in the form of abnormal moles or pigmented skin on parts of the body exposed to the sun, but it especially affects the face, arms, legs, and back. Although there’s no sure-shot way to keep melanoma at bay, some habits can help prevent this type of cancer. Read on for a few effective prevention tips for melanoma:
Limit sun exposure
UV radiation from the sun is the main culprit of skin cancer. While it’s impossible to avoid sun exposure, one can try to step out before 10 a.m. or after 4 p.m., as the sun is at its strongest between these hours. People residing on high altitudes and those who get prolonged exposure to the sun over the years are at a higher risk for melanoma.
Generously use sunscreen
Wearing sunscreen is important during the day, even indoors and even on a cloudy day. Many avoid wearing it on a cloudy day, but clouds don’t protect us from the UV rays. Also, it’s advisable to carry a sunscreen of at least SPF 30 along to reapply it every 2 hours if one is going to be out for long. Children and youngsters especially spend a lot of time in outdoor activities, so sunscreen and coverage are essential for them.
Get enough coverage
A helpful prevention tip for melanoma is to wear clothes that offer enough coverage from the sun, like full-sleeved clothes, bottoms that cover the legs, a broad hat if it goes with the attire, or a scarf. Also, don’t forget sunglasses. Additionally, tight-woven clothes offer more protection from the sun as opposed to loose and light clothing.
Avoid tanning beds and sunlamps
These artificial techniques of getting a tan also expose an individual to harmful UV rays, and most doctors ask about their use during the diagnosis of skin cancer. Exposure to these is especially harmful to adults under 30.
One should pay close attention to their body and take note of a new mole or an existing one that is changing shape or color, along with keeping an eye out for patches and new skin growths. If one notices anything abnormal on their skin, it’s best to get it tested. In fact, it’s advisable to inculcate the habit of getting regular skin tests to prevent melanoma or manage it effectively.
Risk factors of melanoma
Knowing the risk factors also helps prevent melanoma by undertaking regular tests and managing any factors that can be controlled.
If a close relative is battling or has a history of skin cancer, one’s chances of getting melanoma are much higher than people with no family history of the disease. Even if one has a history of severe sunburn that causes blisters, there’s an elevated risk of melanoma.
Weakened immune system
Another effective prevention tip for melanoma is to boost immunity, as a weak immune system falls prey to several diseases, also increasing the chances of melanoma.